Head2Toe

Wellness

 2360849_origEat plenty of fruits, vegetables, meats, and fish. Diet may seem unrelated to your hair, but it makes a huge difference. Diet also has the added benefit of improving your body at the same time.

Since hair is made of protein, make sure you’re getting plenty of protein in your diet. People who suffer from anorexia nervosa or those who undergo extreme weight-loss programs will experience stunted hair growth.fb-nutritionSome proteins to consider incorporating into your diets: lean meats such as chicken and turkey, fish, eggs, soy products, beans, and nuts. These foods will help promote healthy keratin production, which are the building blocks of hair. Eat the right kinds of fat. Certain fats are essential to both a healthy lifestyle and healthy hair production. Fats in moderation help maintain healthy hair and skin production.[1]

Fats will help you process the vitamins and minerals in your diet that are necessary for healthy hair production, including Vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Eat the right kinds of fats. Saturated fats, trans fatty acids, and hydrogenated fats are examples of fats that you should avoid. Omega 3 fats, found in marine and plant oils, are good for healthy hair.

For this reason, B-complex tablets containing fish oils are helpful in speeding up the growth of hair follicles.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle will promote hair growth. Your body acts like a finely-tuned machine, and certain things, like sleep, can help regenerate cells and promote overall health.

Severe cases of stress, suffered after the death of a loved one, for example, or extreme emotional isolation, can cause the body to go into a kind of survival mode in which it only produces things vital to bodily survival. During these times, hair production may stop.

Medications_hair-loss

On the other hand, when your body has enough nutrients and energy stored up so that it doesn’t need to focus on simply keeping you alive, it can devote resources to build up and protect your hair. Maintain a good diet and healthy lifestyle maximize your body’s daily resources.

Clear emotional stress from your life. Learn how to manage the normal stress that your body produces as a result of daily activities and unexpected occurrences. In large quantities, stress can halt hair production, though it will not contribute to baldness in either males or females.

Exercise is a great way to release pent-up stress. Jogging, swimming, lifting light weights, or even walking is part of a healthy lifestyle. It will help your body process foods and vitamins, sleep better, and reduce large amounts of stress.

http://www.wikihow.com/Speed-up-Hair-Growth


Exercise: 7 benefits of regular physical activity

You know exercise is good for you, but do you know how good? From boosting your mood to improving your sex life, find out how exercise can improve your life.

Want to feel better, have more energy and perhaps even live longer? Look no further than exercise. The health benefits of regular exercise and physical activity are hard to ignore. And the benefits of exercise are yours for the taking, regardless of your age, sex or physical ability. Need more convincing to exercise? Check out these seven ways exercise can improve your life.

No. 1: Exercise controls weight

Exercise can help prevent excess weight gain or help maintain weight loss. When you engage in physical activity, you burn calories. The more intense the activity, the more calories you burn. You don’t need to set aside large chunks of time for exercise to reap weight-loss benefits. If you can’t do an actual workout, get more active throughout the day in simple ways — by taking the stairs instead of the elevator or revving up your household chores.

No. 2: Exercise combats health conditions and diseases

Worried about heart disease? Hoping to prevent high blood pressure? No matter what your current weight, being active boosts high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol and decreases unhealthy triglycerides. This one-two punch keeps your blood flowing smoothly, which decreases your risk of cardiovascular diseases. In fact, regular physical activity can help you prevent or manage a wide range of health problems and concerns, including stroke, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, depression, certain types of cancer, arthritis and falls.

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No. 3: Exercise improves mood

Need an emotional lift? Or need to blow off some steam after a stressful day? A workout at the gym or a brisk 30-minute walk can help. Physical activity stimulates various brain chemicals that may leave you feeling happier and more relaxed. You may also feel better about your appearance and yourself when you exercise regularly, which can boost your confidence and improve your self-esteem.

Man doing Yoga in New York

Credit: huffingtonpost.com

No. 4: Exercise boosts energy

Winded by grocery shopping or household chores? Regular physical activity can improve your muscle strength and boost your endurance. Exercise and physical activity deliver oxygen and nutrients to your tissues and help your cardiovascular system work more efficiently. And when your heart and lungs work more efficiently, you have more energy to go about your daily chores. Read more………….

Reference: (http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/exercise/art-20048389)


Marula

Made from the fruit of the marula tree, which is native to South Africa, this oil is rich and hydrating. It’s full of fatty acids, which dermatologists say soothe dry skin. It absorbs quickly and won’t leave you shiny or greasy.

Tea Tree

Red, inflamed breakouts happen when bacteria gets trapped inside your pores. Research shows that tea tree oil helps zap that bacteria. In one trial, it beat a placebo gel (which has no active ingredients) at treating acne and calming inflammation. Another study found that it was as effective as benzoyl peroxide, a common ingredient in over-the-counter zit remedies.

Argan

Sometimes called “liquid gold,” argan oil is rich in antioxidants called polyphenols, which can fight the effects of aging. Dermatologists also say its omega-3 fatty acids boost collagen growth and plump up your skin. It doesn’t matter if you have a dry, oily, or normal skin type. It also conditions hair, but doesn’t weight it down or make it feel greasy. You can still use your other hair care products, too.

Read More here: http://www.webmd.com/beauty/skin/ss/slideshow-natural-oils-beauty

 Your Hair Will Give You Signs When Something Is Going On With Your Body

You probably think about your hair on a daily basis — whether you’re having a good or a bad hair day or maybe wondering whether you should try a new style from the pages of your favorite magazine. But you might be missing clues that your hair is revealing about your health. Research shows that changes in your hair’s look, texture, or thickness can be signs of underlying health conditions, like thyroid disease. Here’s how you can tell whether your hair changes are due to a health problem or genetics, starting with clue number one: Sudden changes, such as a lot of hair loss, are more likely linked to a treatable health problem than are gradual changes, such as thinning.

The next time you look in the mirror, look out for these hair symptoms.

Anyone who has watched presidential hair from campaign to campaign knows this: Stress turns hair gray. “Oxidative stress may affect pigment producing cells,” says dermatologist Paradi Mirmirani, MD, with the department of dermatology at The Permanente Medical Group in Vallejo, Calif. Dermatologists do not know exactly why trauma and stress turn hair gray for some individuals and not others, but Dr. Mirmirani explains that when your hair grays is dictated in part by your genes.

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Brittle hair is one symptom of Cushing’s syndrome. But, notes Mirmirani, there are many other more obvious symptoms of this rare condition caused by excess cortisol, including high blood pressure, fatigue, and back pain. Treatment for Cushing’s syndrome may include changing the dose of medications that could be causing the condition. Other people might need surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy to correct the adrenal gland’s overproduction of cortisol.

People who have the thyroid disease called hypothyroidism “might notice increased hair shedding and a change in appearance,” says Mirmirani. Hypothyroidism means your thyroid isn’t working effectively. It can change the look of your hair and cause other symptoms, such as tiredness, cold intolerance, joint pain, muscle pain, a puffy face, and weight gain. A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test will diagnose the condition, and treatment entails taking thyroid medication.

Hair loss in women

If you are suddenly noticing a lot more hair in your hairbrush or on your shower floor, this could be a sign that your body has low iron stores, or anemia, and may warrant testing. “This is another blood test we do when you complain of hair changes,” says Mirmirani. She says she is particularly likely to order this blood test for people who are vegetarian or for women who have heavy periods, both of which increase the chance that hair changes are due to low iron. Iron supplements or a change in diet to include more iron-rich foodscan help you keep your hair.

Hair shedding can also happen (temporarily) with sudden changes in estrogen levels and is often noticed after pregnancy or stopping birth control pills.

Protein is essential to building your hair, so if you don’t get enough, you may notice hair loss or thinning. Protein deficiency isn’t a problem for most Americans, says Mirmirani — all you need is one serving a day of a high-protein food, about the size of a deck of cards. But people who have gastrointestinal difficulties or who just had gastric bypass surgery may have problems digesting protein. These specialized situations will have to be managed with your doctor’s help. But most hair thinning, even in women, is likely due to genetics.

Yellow or white flakes in your hair, on your shoulders, and even in your eyebrows are a sign of seborrheic dermatitis, more commonly called dandruff. Over-the-counter specialty hair shampoos and prescription cortisones can help manage this condition. Dandruff, which can be caused by yeast on the skin or an inflammation of the skin, is usually worse in winter.

Although hair can tattle on your health conditions, Mirmirani says that patients more commonly complain about the damage done by coloring and heat-treating hair to within an inch of its life. Both heat and color leave you with brittle, dry hair that’s hard to maintain. But perhaps most importantly, highly treated hair just can’t tell you what you need to know about your health. Reference:(http://www.everydayhealth.com/skin-and-beauty-pictures/things-your-hair-says-about-your-health.aspx#01)


 

Flesh Eating Bacteria…..

Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare infection that’s often described in media reports as a condition involving “flesh-eating bacteria.” It can be fatal if not treated promptly.

Necrotizing fasciitis spreads quickly and aggressively in an infected person. It causes tissue death at the infection site and beyond.

Every year, between 600 and 700 cases are diagnosed in the U.S. About 25% to 30% of those cases result in death. It rarely occurs in children.
How Do You Get Necrotizing Fasciitis?
The bacteria that cause necrotizing fasciitis can enter the body following surgery or injury. They can also enter the body through:

minor cuts
insect bites
abrasions
In some cases, it is unknown how the infection began. Once it takes hold, the infection rapidly destroys muscle, skin, and fat tissue.

Causes of Necrotizing Fasciitis
Necrotizing fasciitis is commonly caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) bacteria. That’s the same type of bacteria that causes strep throat. However, several types of bacteria, such as staphylococcus and others, have also been associated with the disease.

Necrotizing fasciitis occurs when such bacteria infect the superficial fascia, a layer of connective tissue below the skin.

Symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis
The symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis usually occur within the first 24 hours of infection. They often include a combination of the following:

Increasing pain in the general area of a minor cut, abrasion, or other skin opening.
Pain that is worse than would be expected from the appearance of the cut or abrasion.
Redness and warmth around the wound, though symptoms can begin at other areas of the body.
Flu-like symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, fever, dizziness, weakness, and general malaise.
Intense thirst due to dehydration.
More advanced symptoms occur around the painful infection site within three to four days of infection. They include:

Swelling, possibly accompanied by a purplish rash.
Large, violet-colored marks that transform into blisters filled with dark, foul-smelling fluid.
Discoloration, peeling, and flakiness as tissue death (gangrene) occurs.
Critical symptoms, which often occur within four to five days of infection, include:

severe drop in blood pressure
toxic shock
unconsciousness

Necrotizing fasciitis progresses very rapidly, making early diagnosis crucial.

Unfortunately, that does not always occur. The early symptoms of an infection with flesh-eating bacteria are similar to other conditions like the flu or a less serious skin infection. The early symptoms are also similar to common post-surgical complaints, such as:

severe pain
inflammation
fever
nausea
Diagnosis is often based on advanced symptoms, such as the presence of gas bubbles under the skin. Laboratory analysis of fluid and tissue samples is done to identify the particular bacteria that are causing the infection. Treatment, however, begins before the bacteria are identified.
Household members and others who have had close contact with someone with necrotizing fasciitis should be evaluated if they develop symptoms of an infection.

Necrotizing Fasciitis Treatment
Patients infected with flesh-eating bacteria will undergo several types of treatment. The extent of treatment depends on the stage of the disease when treatment is started. The treatment includes:

Intravenous antibiotic therapy.
Surgery to remove damaged or dead tissue in order to stop the spread of infection.
Medications to raise blood pressure.
Amputations of affected limbs, in some cases.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be recommended to preserve healthy tissue.
Cardiac monitoring and breathing aids.
Blood transfusions.
Intravenous immunoglobulin. This supports the body’s ability to fight infection.
WebMD Medical Reference:http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/necrotizing-fasciitis-flesh-eating-bacteria?page=2


 How Water Benefits Your Skin

Drinking water is one of the best things you can do to keep your skin in shape. It keeps your skin moist — and that makes fine lines and wrinkles less noticeable. It also helps your cells take in nutrients and get rid of toxins. And it helps with blood flow, keeping your skin glowing.  The common advice is to drink 8 glasses of water a day, but you may not need exactly that many. The water in fruits, veggies, juice, and milk counts toward your total.

Selenium for Your Skin

This mineral may help protect your skin from cells that gather free radicals. Free radicals cause signs of aging like wrinkles and dry skin, tissue damage, and probably some diseases. Selenium may also help prevent skin cancer. You can get it from Brazil nuts, button mushrooms, shrimp, lamb, and fish like snapper, cod, halibut, tuna, and salmon. Cooked beef, light turkey, oysters, sardines, crab, and whole-wheat pasta also have selenium.

Antioxidants for Healthy Cells

Antioxidants are important to slowing and preventing free-radical damage. You can find them in all kinds of foods, especially colorful fruits and vegetables like berries, tomatoes, apricots, beets, squash, spinach, sweet potatoes, tangerines, peppers, and beans.

Fight Free Radicals with CoQ10

Your body makes a key antioxidant called Coenzyme Q10. But as you get older, you make less of it. It’s involved in making energy and helping your cells work. You can find CoQ10 in fish like salmon and tuna, poultry, organ meats like liver, and whole grains.  If you use a skin product that has CoQ10, it may help soften wrinkles and other signs of aging.

Vitamin A for Skin Repair

Nobody wants dry, flaky skin. So grab an orange, carrot, or slice of cantaloupe. They’re loaded with vitamin A. You can also find it in leafy greens, eggs, and low-fat dairy foods. When you use a skin product with vitamin A, your wrinkles and brown spots may look better. Those products, called retinoids, are common prescription treatments for acne and other skin conditions. Read more here http://www.webmd.com/beauty/skin/ss/slideshow-skin-foods


Corrective Skin Care

 

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Our skin care products offer you solutions that meet your specific skin care needs. Here you will find professional strength skin care products created especially for your advanced skin care needs. We offer superior quality alpha hydroxy acids, certified peels, facial cleansers, glycolic peels, anti aging wrinkle creams, retinols, antioxidants, peptides, to deliver exceptional results!

Each of our skin care products concentrates on your specific problems. Not every skin care problem has one solution. We are here to help you find the products that will work best for you! We cater to all skin types from oily acne prone skin to dry skin with one goal – improvement!

Corrective Skin Care offers affordable skin care for people that struggle with mild acne breakouts, cystic acne and acne scarring as well as anti aging skin care, face masks, facial cleansers and more forage spots and dark spots, fine lines and wrinkles. We also have body care products, and a men’s skin care line as well.  correctiveskincare.net


Nail Salon Danger

While there have been few reported cases of deaths due to a nail salon visit gone wrong, one California woman blames her daughter’s death on an infection associated with bacteria she may have picked up during a pedicure in 2004. Little data has been collected in regards to salon-related deaths and illnesses across the country. U.S. News spoke to podiatrists, dermatologists and other health professionals to find out which health risks you should be aware of and how to protect yourself during your next manicure or pedicure.

While a day at the salon might be relaxing, you could be putting your fingers, toes and more at risk.

Close-up of a woman’s hand receiving a manicure in a nail salon.
Manicures can be a pleasurable experience for you, but your skin may feel differently because of the chance for micro-injuries or infections.

By Hannah Webster July 28, 2014 | 2:09 p.m. EDT + More
Molly Dannenmaier, of Galveston, Texas, visits a local salon every three weeks. She regularly gets a pedicure and occasionally treats herself to a manicure – but the pedicure is a staple. It wasn’t until both she and a friend developed toe infections that she considered the health risks. “[My friend] got a terrible infection, and in fact had to have surgery to have her toe nail removed,” Dannenmaier recalls. “It’s never going to grow back.”

While Dannenmaier’s infection was not as bad, she says she now thinks differently about going to the salon. But because it’s part of her longtime routine, she keeps going back.

“I never even imagined it was the nail salon,” Dannenmaier says. “You know, it’s been a month or two, and I keep going. I guess I’m in denial.”

While there have been few reported cases of deaths due to a nail salon visit gone wrong, one California woman blames her daughter’s death on an infection associated with bacteria she may have picked up during a pedicure in 2004. Little data has been collected in regards to salon-related deaths and illnesses across the country. U.S. News spoke to podiatrists, dermatologists and other health professionals to find out which health risks you should be aware of and how to protect yourself during your next manicure or pedicure.

Injury and Infection

Ouch! The nail technician clipped your cuticles a little too quickly and nicked the skin. She apologizes and rinses it off. It stopped bleeding, so you figure it’s fine to continue your pedicure. But is that really a good idea?

Robert Spalding, a Tennessee podiatrist and author of “Death by Pedicure,” says the most alarming health risk at a nail salon is injury that leads to infection.

About 75 percent of salons in the U.S. don’t follow state protocol for disinfection, Spalding says. While it’s impossible to be completely sterile, salons should sterilize their tools using an autoclave – a machine used in medical environments that produces steam and pressure for disinfecting equipment.

Many nail salons use liquid disinfectants to clean tools, but this method is only effective if nail technicians soak the instruments for around 20 minutes. When shops get busy, tools are often removed early and used on the next client.

Also worrisome: Manicures and pedicures may cause microtraumas to the skin by nail filing or cuticle cutting, resulting in infection. “Those little micro-injuries that can be unseen are the ones that can lead to big problems,” Spalding says. Hepatitis B, MRSA, and other bacterial infections are potentially life-threatening and can be picked up in salons. “There’s a huge difference between a bacterial infection and a fungal infection,” Spalding adds. “A huge number of people walk in with nail fungus, and most state laws prohibit them to be served, but they are served anyway. That then causes a bigger problem on the bacterial level.”

Dennis Shavelson, a podiatrist in New York City, says infections can stem from dull nail files, but sharp instruments are especially concerning. “If [technicians are] cheating with sharp instruments or cutting corns or calluses instead of kind of grinding or shaving them, you can get infections, injuries, irritation,” he says.

What you can do: People with poor circulation or diabetics are at a much higher risk of contracting an infection, and most diabetics should avoid going to a typical nail salon, Shavelson says. Check with your local podiatrist to see if the office offers a medical pedicure instead.

However, all salon-goers can protect themselves by bringing their own instruments or asking technicians about the salon’s disinfecting procedures – and requesting the technician use plastic gloves. Consider only going to salons that use autoclaves to disinfect instruments and tools. Never allow anyone to use a credo blade, which is a callus razor that resembles a vegetable peeler, or any other type of sharp instrument to remove skin. In fact, it’s illegal for salons to use credo blades in most states. If you’re injured in a salon or experience any pain or redness following a visit, see a physician as soon as possible.download

Nail Fungus

Many of us love soaking our feet in the warm, bubbling water attached to a massage chair. But have you ever thought about the people who were soaking their feet before you?

Shavelson says a common misconception is that people can develop athlete’s foot or similar fungal infections at nail salons. But typically, foot fungus develops in dark, moist enclosures – not a nail salon foot bath.

Nail fungus, however, is another story. Shavelson says it can spread in a salon if foot baths and instruments aren’t cleaned properly.

What you can do: If you think you may have a fungus, never go to a nail salon to have the problem treated. Nail fungus is often treatable at home, but you should see a podiatrist if it continues to grow after the initial removal, Shavelson advises. “If they just see an area that’s turning white, I would take a nail clipper and remove that part of the nail, and if it keeps getting white or grows back white then they should get some help,” he says.

Unlike over-the-counter athlete’s foot medication, over-the-counter nail fungus medication is rarely effective, he adds. If the fungus needs medication, it’s important to use a prescribed treatment.

Most nail salons see a steady parade of business. Nails get cut and filed, feet soak in tubs, cuticles get pushed back and trimmed, calluses get buffed. And while the majority of nail salon visits won’t send you on your way with anything other than an excellent manicure and pedicure, customers — and salon workers — are at risk of spreading disease.

How can a desire for well-groomed nails lead you straight to the doctor’s office? All that buffing, clipping and trimming means that it’s not uncommon for hands and feet to get nicked and cut. And wherever you have open wounds and a lot of skin-to-skin and skin-to-surface contact, you have a very good chance of picking up some gross bacteria or (viruses.http://health.usnews.com/health-news/health-wellness/articles/2014/07/28/health-risks-lurking-at-the-nail-salon)

So what are the risks of a pampering footbath? We’ve got five nasty bugs to look out for.

Despite its name, athlete’s foot affects people regardless of their athletic prowess. It’s the common name for tinea pedis, a fungal infection that requires a moist, confined environment to take root and spread.

Unfortunately, the pedicure baths of a salon provide a breeding ground. Let’s face it: Lots of feet get put into that tub, and not all of those feet are clean. If a spa doesn’t regularly clean its foot tubs between each client, the odds of leaving the spa with a fungal infection you didn’t walk in with increase. Also, fungus isn’t so easily removed from the surfaces it grows on, so a light cleaning may not rid a tub of its presence. Frequent use of an anti-fungal cleaning agent is the best way to prevent spa clients from getting athlete’s foot from a foot tub. On the other hand, if your feet are itching like crazy and you haven’t changed your socks in weeks, you should steer clear of spas or any activity that could potentially spread the fungus to others.

A spa treatment is supposed to make you feel like a princess, so you don’t want to go home looking more like the frog the princess kissed instead.

One thing available at nail salons that’s not posted on any service menu is a contagious skin disease. With all the hands and feet passing through a salon each day, the odds are solid that some of those appendages have warts on them.

Warts are caused by a contagious virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). There are many different strains of the virus (such as the type that can cause cervical cancer), but only a few different kinds spur the overproduction of skin cells that results in warts.

Warts spread through person-to-person contact when HPV makes contact with a break in the skin. Hands play host to both common warts and palmer warts. The tops of feet may also have common warts, while the bottoms can have plantar warts, which grow inward due to constant pressure between the foot and the ground. All of these are contagious.

Warts can be spread if a salon worker uses the same pumice stone for different clients. Most salons offer new pumice stones, and you can always bring your own to lower the risk of getting warts. You should also frequent salons where employees wear plastic gloves that they change between appointments.

HPV isn’t the only virus you can pick up at the spa. The H1N1 virus (more commonly — and misleadingly — known as theswine flu) makes an appearance as well.

H1N1 is a highly contagious strain of the flu virus. One big reason for this is that most people have no immunity to it, because it’s new. It spreads just like the “regular” flu virus — someone infected with it coughs, sneezes or touches their mouth and then makes contact with another person or a surface someone else will touch.

The virus can survive outside the body for up to eight hours, meaning that an infected customer at a salon can unknowingly booby-trap the establishment with the virus. With all the hand-to-hand contact that occurs in a salon, it’s not difficult to understand why swine flu could easily spread between employees and customers.

So how can you avoid it? Ideally, salon workers wear protective disposable gloves for each client and change and gloves (with a hand washing for good measure) between appointments. All instruments should be treated with chemical germicides.

And if a salon employee is exhibiting flu symptoms, reschedule your appointment. Likewise, if you’re infected with H1N1 (or show any flulike symptoms at all, even without diagnosis), cancel that appointment, no matter how much attention your nails need.

Another good reason to make sure your nail technician changes his or her gloves between customers: a superbug called MRSA.

If you’ve paid attention to the news in recent years, you’ve likely noticed an uptick in stories about a type of staph infection called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA infections can lead to severe scarring, amputation and even death — and it’s resistant to antibiotics.

Though not common, MRSA is known to be spread at nail salons, leading to infections on hands and beneath fingernails. Symptoms usually appear within 24 hours — you’ll likely experience pain in your hands and be unable to bend or use your fingers with any degree of comfort. The swollen, red skin around the infected area will crack open and ooze pus. It’s hard to miss.

MRSA can be spread through the sharing of unsanitized nail files or other nail implements. These implements should be soaked in a disinfecting solution for a minimum of 10 minutes, then treated with a sterilizing agent. Foot baths should be vigorously cleaned and sanitized between clients.

This nasty bug might give you a good reason not to shave your legs. You can get Mycobacterium fortuitum from foot baths — and the risk is greatly increased when a soak is preceded by leg shaving.

What does an M. fortuitum infection consist of? Large boils on the toe, foot or leg. These boils may be surrounded by smaller bumps. Sometimes they heal on their own, but they can linger and even turn into open sores. M. fortuitum boils can be lanced by a medical professional and treated with extremely potent antibiotics, but unfortunately, these boils and sores can cause heavy scarring.

To avoid getting the bug, pay attention to any regional reports of M. fortuitum outbreaks. Take your own nail tools to the salon for them to use during your appointment. And don’t be afraid to ask the salon owner about the establishment’s cleaning procedures. After all, you want to treat yourself, but not to a bug like M. fortuitum. (http://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/nail-care/health/5-nail-salon-infections.htm#page=1)

 

List of Common Fingernail Diseases

Psoriatic nails –characterized rough nail surface, damaged nail beds and discoloration. People who already have the skin condition psoriasis are most susceptible. The nail may also split from the nail bed. Also common is swelling and redness of the nails. This condition needs the attention of a dermatologist.

Paronychia – an infection of the nail fold that occurs when there is a tear in the proximal or lateral fold of the nail. This allows bacteria and fungus to enter the folds and causes redness, swelling and pain. This condition occurs mostly in people who are exposed to water too often and is very contagious. Pseudomonas – a bacterial infection between the nail plate and nail bed. It lives in moist places and an indication that the infection has spread deep is the discoloration it causes. In extreme cases the infection may cause the nail plate to separate from the nail bed.

Pseudomonas – a bacterial infection between the nail plate and nail bed. It lives in moist places and an indication the infection has spread deep is the discoloration it causes. In extreme cases the infection may cause the nail plate to separate from the nail bed.

Tinea Unguis – AKA “nail ringworm” is a fungal infection and makes the nail thick and deformed, causing eventual breakage of the nail plate.

Onycholysis – where the exposed portion of the nail is loosened near the free edge and continuing to the lunula. Sometimes caused by allergic reactions to nail products, fungus, trauma or as a side effect of drugs.

Onychatrophobia – is a condition where the nail shrinks, loses its shine and may even shed altogether.

Onychogryposis – is a thickening of the nail which is sometimes hereditary but usually a result of neglect and bad nail hygiene. It’s also known as “rams horns nails”.

Onychauxis – is a condition with a very thick nail plate caused due to internal problems.

Onychorrhexis – This condition is characterized by a vertical split or ridges. Usually inherited, this condition may also be acquired by contact with strong detergents and cleaning agents. Can usually be repaired through prescription treatments.

Koilonchia – A result of iron deficiency. The nail appears very thin and curves upward.

Onychoptosis – Periodic shedding of nails. This condition is sometimes caused by trauma, a side effect of drugs, stress, fever or as a result of such diseases like syphilis.

Onychophosis – The growth of thick epithelium tissue on the nails.

Onychomadesis – The nail falls from its bed as a result of either chemotherapy, injury or a long illness. The nail grows back as soon as the disease is cured.

Subungual hematoma – The collection of blood under the nail due to injury or trauma. Can be very painful until the blood is released by making a hole in the nail.

Pterygium – The formation of skin on the nail plate. Can be removed by a physician.

Melanonychia – aka “nail moles” are formed as dark spots on the nail matrix.

Petrygium inversum unguis – Live tissue is attached to the underside of the nail. This condition may be hereditary or the result of nail enhancement treatments. Never try to remove this tissue on your own as it may cause blood flow.

Nail patella syndrome – is a genetic disorder which is characterized by skeletal and nail deformity. It usually occurs in 2 out of every 100,000 persons and is transmitted in the ABO blood type.


Medications Can Lead To Hair Loss

medication-induced-hairloss

Medication is designed to treat a variety of health conditions, but sometimes they can have unwanted side effects – including changes to your hair. Certain medicines can contribute to excess hair growth, changes in hair colour or texture, or even hair loss. Medication-induced hair loss, like any other type of hair loss, can have a real effect on your self-esteem. The good news is that in most cases, it’s reversible once you stop taking the medication.

Medications can lead to two types of hair loss:

Telogen effluvium is the most common form of medication-induced hair loss. It usually appears within two to four months after taking the medication. This condition causes the hair follicles to go into their resting phase (telogen) and fall out too early. People with telogen effluvium usually shed between 100 and 150 hairs a day.

Anagen effluvium is hair loss that occurs during the anagen phase of the hair cycle, when the hairs are actively growing. It prevents the matrix cells, which produce new hairs, from dividing normally. This type of hair loss usually occurs within a few days to weeks after taking the medication. It’s most common in people who are taking chemotherapy medications and is often severe, causing people to lose most or all of the hair on their head, as well as their eyebrows, eyelashes and other body hairs.

The severity of medication-induced hair loss depends on the type of medication and dosage, as well as your sensitivity to that medicine.

What types of medications cause hair loss?

Many different types of medicines are thought to cause hair loss, including some of the following types of medications:

Chemotherapy medications often lead to the anagen effluvium type of hair loss. As these kill cancer cells throughout the body, they can also damage healthy cells, including hair matrix cells. The hair typically starts to fall out after the second cycle of chemotherapy. Hair loss is more common and severe in patients taking combinations of chemotherapy medications than in those who take just one medication.

How is medication-induced hair loss diagnosed?

If you are experiencing hair loss, your GP will ask you several questions, including:

  • When did the hair loss start?
  • How quickly has the hair been falling out?
  • What other symptoms do you have (scalp itching, burning or tingling)?
  • What medications were you taking in the four months leading up to the hair loss?
  • What other illnesses do you have?
  • Have you made any changes to your diet or hair-care routine?

The doctor also will examine your scalp to look at the pattern of hair loss.

Tests that may be done include:

  • Thyroid function tests – to test for thyroid disorders, which can sometimes cause hair thinning and hair loss
  • Full blood count – to test for iron deficiency anaemia, which can sometimes cause hair thinning
  • Hair shaft exam – to look at the shape, length and fragility of the hairs
  • Pull test – gently pulling on about 60 hairs to see how many come out
  • Biopsy – removing a piece of scalp tissue for examination
  • Hormone tests

It can be difficult to prove which medication is causing the hair loss, or even that one is to blame. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking one medication at a time and see whether your hair stops falling out, but it can take two to three months after stopping a medication for the hair loss to end.

How is medication-induced hair loss treated?

It’s important to review any medications you take and discuss their potential side effects with your GP and pharmacist. When hair loss does occur from a medication you’re taking, there is a good chance that the hair will grow back on its own after you stop taking it. If stopping the medications does not improve hair thinning, you may need to be treated with a medication that stops hair loss and can stimulate new hair growth.

One technique is available to prevent hair loss during chemotherapy. It’s called scalp hypothermia, and it involves placing ice packs on the scalp a few minutes before, and for about a half-hour after chemotherapy treatment. Cooling the scalp reduces blood flow to the hair follicles, making it harder for the chemotherapy medications to get into the follicular cells. Cooling also reduces biochemical activity, making the hair follicles less susceptible to damage from chemotherapy drugs.

After chemotherapy treatment, the hair usually grows back very quickly, but it may change in texture. In rare cases, the hair will stay thin even after treatment has been stopped. Hair growth medication may help re-grow hair that is slow to return. Some chemotherapy patients wear a wig or hat to cover their hair loss until their hair grows back. (http://www.webmd.boots.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/hair-loss/medication-induced-hair-loss)

Here is a more detailed list of prescription drugs that cause hair loss:

Acne

All drugs derived from vitamin A as treatments for acne or other conditions, including:

  • Accutane (isotretinoin)

Blood

Anticoagulants (blood thinners), including:

  • Panwarfin (warfarin sodium)
  • Sofarin (warfarin sodium)
  • Coumadin (warfarin sodium)
  • Heparin injections

Cholesterol

Cholesterol-lowering drugs, including:

  • Atronid-S (clofibrate)
  • Lopid (gemfibrozil)

Convulsions/ Epilepsy

  • Anticonvulsants, including:
  • Tridone (trimethadione)

Depression

  • Antidepression drugs, including:
  • Prozac (fluoxetine hydrochloride)
  • Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride)
  • Paxil (paroxetine)
  • Anafranil (clomipramine)
  • Janimine (imipramine)
  • Tofranil (imipramine)
  • Tofranil PM (imipramine)
  • Adapin (doxepin)
  • Sinequan (doxepin)
  • Surmontil (trimipramine)
  • Pamelor (nortriptyline)
  • Ventyl (nortriptyline)
  • Elavin (amitriptyline)
  • Endep (amitriptyline)
  • Norpramin (desipramine)
  • Pertofrane (desipramine)
  • Vivactil (protriptyline hydrochloride)
  • Asendin (amoxapine)
  • Haldol ( haloperidol)

Diet

  • Amphetamines

Fungus

  • Antifungals

Glaucoma

The beta-blocker drugs, including:

  • Timoptic Eye Drops (timolol)
  • Timoptic Ocudose (timolol)
  • Timoptic XC (timolol)

Gout

  • Lopurin (allopurinol)
  • Zyloprim (allopurinol)

Heart

Many drugs prescribed for the heart, including those known as the beta blockers, which are also used to treat high blood pressure, and include:

  • Tenormin (atenolol)
  • Lopressor (metoprolol)
  • Corgard (nadolol)
  • Inderal and Inderal LA (propanolol)
  • Blocadren (timolol)

High Blood Pressure

See Above list of beta blockers under “Heart”

Hormonal Conditions

All hormone-containing drugs and drugs prescribed for hormone-related, reproductive, male-specific, and female-specific conditions and situations have the potential to cause hair loss, including:

  • Birth Control Pills
  • Hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) for women (estrogen or progesterone)
  • Male androgenic hormones and all forms of testosterone
  • Anabolic steriods
  • Prednisone and other steroids

Inflammation

Many anti-inflammatory drugs, including those prescribed for localized pain, swelling and injury.

  • Arthritis drugs
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs including:
  • Naprosyn (naproxen)
  • Anaprox (naproxen)
  • Anaprox DS (naproxen)
  • Indocin (indomethacin)
  • Indocin SR (indomethacin)
  • Clinoril (sulindac)

An anti-inflammatory that is also used as a chemotherapy drug:

  • Methotrexate (MTX)
  • Rheumatex (methotrexate)
  • Folex (methotrexate)

Parkinson’s Disease

  • Levadopa / L-dopa (dopar, larodopa)

Thyroid Disorders

  • Many of the drugs used to treat the thyroid

Ulcer

Many of the drugs used to treat indigestion, stomach difficulties, and ulcers, including over-the-counter dosages and prescription dosages.

  • Tagamet (cimetidine)
  • Zantac (ranitidine)
  • Pepcid (famotidine)

(http://www.americanhairloss.org/drug_induced_hair_loss/)

 


Think Twice Before Going To The Nail Shop!

 

9-Things-Your-Nail-Technician-Wants-to-Tell-You-mdn

You probably drop by the local nail salon regularly to get your hands and feet buffed and polished, but have you ever wondered what your nail tech really thinks about your unshaved legs, or how you can tell if a salon properly sanitizes their equipment? We enlisted the experts to share the inside scoop on what really goes on behind the scenes at nail salons. Read on to learn little-known facts about what you should expect at your next appointment, as well as the services you’re better off skipping on.

1. Shaving calluses is illegal in most states.
At some nail salons, your pedicurist might offer to shave your calluses with a credo blade (that handheld device that looks like a cross between a razor and a vegetable peeler). But, however tempting the allure of callus-free feet may be, Rosanne Kinley, salon owner and former president of the National-Interstate Council of State Boards of Cosmetology, suggests turning down the offer. According to Kinley, any procedure involving a credo blade is considered a medical procedure, which is illegal to perform in a nail salon. Moreover, shaving your calluses will only make them grow back worse. “Your body reacts to your callused skin being removed as it would to any other skin injury—[by growing] new tissue,” says celebrity nail technician and New York State cosmetology test proctor, Patricia Yankee. Not to mention: Calluses protect our feet from daily wear and tear—think high heels and friction caused by walking or jogging—so it’s best to just smooth them with a pumice stone instead of removing them altogether, says Kinley.

2. Don’t shave your legs before a pedicure.
You’ve likely heard the story by now: In 2000, 113 California women made the news after contracting Mycobacterium fortuitum—a bacterial infection caught via open wounds that results in purple, pus-filled bumps—from infested pedicure tubs. After some investigation, it was determined that all of the women had something in common: They had shaved their legs before their appointments, creating superficial nicks and wounds that left their skin susceptible to infection. While nail salons are required by law to rinse and disinfect their tubs with hospital-grade solution after every client, it’s a good idea to protect yourself by holding off on shaving until after your appointment. Infections aside, shaving also strips the legs of a thin layer of skin, increasing the chances of irritation caused by perfumed creams or exfoliating beads used by most salons. Nail technicians urge customers to delay shaving until after a pedicure, and insist there’s no reason to be self-conscious about prickly legs. Says Yankee, “I don’t even notice whether a client has smooth legs or not! My focus is on caring for the feet, not the legs.”

3. Bringing your own manicuring tools isn’t necessarily safer.
Are you a stickler about toting your own files and cuticle cutters to the salon? If so, you may not be doing yourself any favors. “It’s more likely that someone’s personal tools are more unsanitary than salon ones,” says Kinley. She goes on to explain that after their appointments, customers usually seal their tools back in the bag without sanitizing them, which becomes a breeding ground for bacteria—even if it’s just their own. On the other hand, after each client, professional salons are required to scrub their tools with soap and water to remove debris, followed up by a (minimum) 10-minute soak in a hospital-grade sanitizer. If you’d still rather stick to your own tools, Yankee suggests sanitizing them after each use by adhering to the same cleaning routine: Scrub them with soap and water, then soak for at least 10 minutes in a disinfectant solution like Barbicide, which you can get at a professional beauty supply store. If you don’t live near a beauty supply store, she says regular old rubbing alcohol will also do the trick.

4. You should think about forgoing your appointment if…
… you show any signs of infection, such as pain, itching and redness around the nailbed, which is often caused by biting your nails or picking at your cuticles. “Even if the salon is diligent about sanitizing, you can still pick up bacteria or fungus a number of ways,” says Yankee, including from your nail technician’s hands or even from the nail file that was just used on your own feet. (Note: If your nail technician nicks you while cutting your cuticles, that can also leave you susceptible to infection–which is why most dermatologists warn against the procedure.) And anyone who has suffered a nail infection will tell you that the condition is nothing to take lightly: Most cases result in swelling and puss around the nailbed (typical of a bacterial infection) or discoloration of the nailbed (characteristic of a fungal infection), which can spread to the rest of the hand and will require a trip to the doctor. These types of infections typically require a course of oral antibiotics for full recovery—though the infection itself can leave the nail looking disfigured for weeks. And, apart from putting yourself at risk, Yankee also notes that customers should be diligent about self-regulating their visits since “going into a salon with an open wound puts others in danger of picking something up from you.”

5. A 20% tip is usually appropriate.
If you often walk out of the nail salon wondering if you’ve over- or under-tipped, we’ve got the definitive answer for you: “I would say 20% is the golden rule,” says Kinley. And, according to her, that rule applies both at high-end spas and discounted nail salons, which frequently offer a manicure and pedicure package for around $25. “At discount shops, the price is compromised somewhere and it’s usually with products,” she says. For example, they may skimp on the amount of soap they use in the tub water, or on the type of lotion they use to moisturize your legs. Yankee warns that you get what you pay for when you frequent salons that offer package deals; “Contrary to what most people think, a manicure is supposed to last up to 14—not four—days before chipping or becoming dull,” says Yankee, who guarantees her work lasts for at least two weeks. But that’s not to say you can’t tip extra if you have a longtime relationship with your technician or you feel she has gone the extra mile during your appointment. “Many of my clients tip me $20 for a pedicure,” Yankee says, which she charges $30 for.

6. We generally don’t mind if you chat on your phone during your appointment.
At every salon, there’s a Chatty Cathy, and while sometimes that person’s work (or family, or boyfriend) drama is entertaining, at other times it’s disruptive to other clients who are trying to relax, “which could reflect poorly on the salon’s reputation,” says Yankee. However, both experts agree that as long as you keep the conversation short and your voice low, taking a phone call is no big deal, especially considering all the white noise coming from the pedicure thrones, hand dryers and ringing phones. Just remember not to be so engrossed in your conversation that you miss the technician’s cues to switch positions during your mani or pedi.

7. We’re not miracle workers.
“Occasionally, we’ll have a bride come in with chewed up cuticles and mutilated fingernails who expects us to totally transform her hands and feet in an hour,” Yankee says. “But if she’s not doing anything to maintain [her nails] at home, there’s only so much we can do.” The same goes for women who have neglected their toenails all winter and anticipate miracles during their first summer pedicure. Luckily, you don’t have to invest lots of cash in expensive lotions and callus removers to keep your hands and feet in shape between treatments. “Use all your throw-away or leftover [beauty] products,” Yankee suggests. “Scrubs that may be too harsh for your body or regenerative creams that are too oily for your face are perfect for your feet,” she says. If you want to splurge on a quality product, use the money towards a jojoba-based cuticle oil, which keeps everything super moisturized. “Not only will [moisturizing your nails] prevent them from becoming cracked or speckled, but healthy nails hold products longer, so your manicure or pedicure will last,” says Yankee.

8. We’re happy to offer fix-ups—most of the time.
“The most common problem [we see] is people messing up their polish job,” says Yankee. And while technicians understand that accidents can happen on the way to the drying booth, that doesn’t give customers license to be careless. “In addition to taking everything out of your bag that you’ll need to get home smudge-free, take [enough] time to dry your nails,” says Yankee, who says two dryer cycles are usually adequate to dry the top coat of your polish. Or, if you’re really in a rush, use the nail oil, which will make the surface slippery and harder to smudge when you brush up against something. As for the clients who come in later in the week looking for a freebie fix? “As technicians, we can tell if the chipping or mess-up is because of a mistake we made or the client’s fault,” she says. So think again before you try to pawn off your nail biting habit as poor polish quality!

9. Don’t feel shy about asking for proof of sanitation.
Never hesitate to follow up on proper sanitation before you get a manicure or pedicure. For one thing, most state cosmetology laws require that nail technicians use a new nail file for every customer. “If a nail file looks old, feel free to request a new one,” says Yankee. “Your nail technician will know why.” You should also be aware that, should a tool be dropped or damaged during the appointment, each manicurist is supposed to have three sets of tools at the ready to ensure that there is another clean set, plus a second back-up set, at any given time, according to Yankee. As for those pedicure thrones, in addition to making sure that the tub you’ll be soaking your feet in has been sanitized, Kinley recommends asking your pedicurist to clean the bowl’s filter-screen, so that old debris doesn’t contaminate your clean water. Yankee adds that newer pedicure thrones are much easier to disinfect than older ones, as they don’t contain built-in filtering systems—just tubs and drains. “In older chairs, bacteria from the previous client could potentially still linger in the piping if the nail technician didn’t take the time to flush the system,” says Yankee. As a client, it may be in your best interest to seek out a newly-established salon with the latest-style thrones, and to show up to your appointments early to ensure the tub you’ll be soaking in has been properly cleaned. (http://www.womansday.com/style-beauty/beauty-tips-products/9-things-your-nail-technician-wants-to-tell-you-123064)


Let’s start the New Year off right!

Head2Toe Magazine’s Healthy Mind, Body, Hair, and Soul Challenge for 2015. Check in everyday for your daily dose of encouragement, healthy hair meals, inspirational quotes, scriptures and more!

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Salmon~ Is rich in protein and vitamin D (both are key to strong hair) the omega-3 fatty acids found in salmon are the true power and your body can’t make those fatty acids, which the body needs to grow hair. You can also find omega-3s in other fish like trout, mackerel, herring, and sardines. They can also be found in avocado, pumpkin seeds and walnuts. Wal-nuts are the only type of nut that have a significant amount of omega-3 fatty acids. They are also rich in biotin and vitamin E.


female-hair-loss

Studies has shown that hair thinning and hair loss can be reduced by herbal remedies such as Saw Palmetto, Nettle Root, Pygeum Africanum to treat male baldness pattern; grape seed oil, coconut oil, jojoba oil to stimulate and encourage new hair growth.

Using Ginkgo Biloba with other natural ingredients for hair growth will give you the best results when trying to grow your hair or control hair thinning. Consume natural DHT inhibitor such as Pygeum Africanum in conjunction with Ginkgo Biloba, DHT inhibitor will prevent DHT from attaching itself to follicles receptor so that follicle will regrow a new stronger hair and Ginkgo Biloba will stimulate new hair growth.

Ginkgo Biloba is famous in China and it has been used for centuries to treat many kind of ailments including HAIR THINNING. It has been widely used in Europe for the last 2 decades to treat many ailments because Ginkgo Biloba help to enhance blood circulation in body. Good blood circulation in the scalp is key when it comes to hair growth.

There are many ailments that are caused by poor blood circulation such as heart attack, stroke and brain dysfunction. Many herbal remedies have been used to treat these ailments that are caused by poor blood circulation and Ginkgo Biloba is one of the herbal ingredients. Ginkgo Biloba will increase blood flow in body, brain and head.

More blood flow to brain and head will nourish your brain, prevent it from brain diseases such as Alzheimer. More blood flow to head will also nourish your follicle so that it will reduce the rate of hair thinning and hair loss. Increased blood circulation to head will supply more oxygen and many nutrients to follicles. Nutrients such as Vitamins, Protein, fatty acid and mineral will make our follicle stronger so that it will grows new healthy hair.

 

Ginkgo Biloba also has many more beneficial effect such as improving memory, antioxidant properties in Ginkgo Biloba can prevent premature aging of skin and organs in body; anti-hypertension and weight loss.

 


Prostate Cancer – Symptoms

Prostate cancer usually doesn’t cause symptoms in its early stages. When there are symptoms, they may include:

  • Urinary problems, such as:
    • Not being able to urinate at all.
    • Having a hard time starting or stopping the flow of urine.
    • Having to urinate often, especially at night.
    • Having pain or burning during urination.
  • Difficulty having an erection.
  • Blood in your urine or semen.
  • Deep and frequent pain in your lower back, belly, hip, or pelvis.

Symptoms that may show that the cancer has spread, or metastasized, to other parts of the body include:

  • Weight loss.
  • Bone pain, especially in the lower abdomen, hip, pelvis, or lower back.
  • Some things can increase your chances of getting prostate cancer. These things are called risk factors. But many people who get prostate cancer don’t have any of these risk factors. And some people who have risk factors don’t get thiscancer.

    Age

    Being older than 50 is the main risk factor for prostate cancer. About 6 out of 10 new prostate cancers are found in men who are 65 or older.2

    Family history

    Your chances of getting the disease are higher if other men in your family have had it.

    • Your risk is doubled if your father or brother had prostate cancer. Your risk also depends on the age at which your relative was diagnosed.
    • Men whose families carry the gene changes that cause breast cancer, BRCA1 or BRCA2, are thought to be at increased risk for prostate cancer.Swelling in the legs and feet.

      Prostate Cancer – What Increases Your Risk

    • Race
    • Prostate cancer is more common among African-American men than men of other races. African-American men also have a greater chance of getting the kind of prostate cancer that grows and spreads.
    • In men of other races, non-Hispanic white men are more likely to get prostate cancer than Hispanic or Asian-American men.
    • Other factors
    • What you eat. Men who live in countries where people eat more red meat and fats are more likely to be diagnosed with and die from prostate cancer, according to some studies. Eating more lycopene, found in tomatoes and beets, may reduce the risk.
    • Hormones. Researchers are studying the link between hightestosterone levels and prostate cancer.

      Prostate Cancer – Prevention

      One thing you can do that may lower the risk for prostatecancer is eat more low-fat, high-fiber foods and foods with omega-3 fatty acids, such as:

      • Soy products, like tofu and soy beans.
      • Tomatoes and foods that contain tomato sauce.
      • Vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage.
      • Fish, like salmon, albacore tuna, and sardines.
      • Walnuts and flaxseed, and their oils.

      Being physically active and staying at a healthy body weight also can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.


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      6 Reasons Why Biotin Helps Hair Loss

      When it comes to incorporating vitamins and supplements into your life as part of a hair lossprevention tactic, anything in the vitamin B family can help a great deal.

      Biotin is a Vitamin B complex, which means it could play a crucial role in working through your hair loss by using a more natural approach.

      Biotin is found in several foods such as carrots, liver, yeast, bananas –mostly in low concentrations. The average American adult gets around 40ug per day in their daily diet, which falls within requirements.

      Symptoms of Biotin deficiency include decreased appetite, dermatitis, achromotrichia (loss of pigment in hair), and alopecia (hair loss).

      Find out why Biotin or Vitamin H is ideal for your hair loss prevention and regrowth plan.

      Biotin

      Biotin or Vitamin B7 is also called Vitamin H or Coenzyme R. It is a water-soluble compound and one of the B-complex vitamins.

      Biotin is important for the synthesis of fatty acids, glucose and some amino acids such as valine and isoleucine.

      It is essential to the biochemical process by which cells metabolize nutrients, and is known to help regulate blood sugar levels. Biotin also contributes to the strengthening of the hair and nails.

      Like all water-soluble vitamins, biotin is not stored in the body. However, the bacteria present in the intestines produce more than the amount needed daily.

      While Biotin deficiency is rare, it does occur especially in people with metabolic disorders. For example, alcoholics are known to have lower levels of biotin than the general population.

      Similarly, biotin levels are reduced in athletes, epileptics, elderly, and people who have had some of their gastrointestinal tracts removed.

      Pregnant and nursing mothers also have lower levels of biotin due to increased demand for the vitamin in the body. Pregnant women are especially prone to biotin deficiency and studies have shown that 50% of them develop a deficiency in this vitamin.

      A diet of raw egg whites for an extended period is also known to cause biotin deficiency. This is because of avidin, a protein found in significant amounts in uncooked egg whites.

      Avidin binds with biotin and reduces the bioavailability of the vitamin for essential functions.

      Major signs of biotin deficiency include hair loss, conjunctivitis, red rashes and scaly skin of the face and genitals, numbness and tingling sensations in the fingers and toes, depression, tiredness and mental confusion.

      Apart from alopecia, the most specific sign of biotin deficiency is a puffy face with abnormal fat distribution and red rashes.

      Prolonged or repeated biotin deficiency can also lead to a compromised immune system and increase the risks of developing fungal and bacterial infections.

      A Harvard study established biotin as one of the essential nutrients for preserving hair strength, texture and appearance.

      While there is no study of the effects of biotin on alopecia, the facts that its deficiency causes hair loss and that its supplementation improves hair health are enough evidence to support the use of this vitamin as a hair loss remedy.

      Besides its use in hair loss treatments, biotin is also used to treat both types of diabetes. In diabetes treatment, biotin improves blood glucose control and prevents the nerve damage at the extremities seen in advanced cases of the disease.

      Biotin is also used in treating psoriasis and dermatitis especially Cradle Cap or seborrheic dermatitis in children.

      Biotin toxicity is still unreported and experts believe the human body can tolerate large doses of the vitamin with no adverse effects. Since biotin is a water-soluble vitamin it is easily eliminated in the urine.

      # 1 — Deficiencies

      That alone should be reason enough to be certain you get enough Biotin in your diet.

      Whether you amp up your natural dietary intake or find ways to add supplements, you need to keep your levels high enough. In fact, if you do not get enough biotin you can also eventually lose your eyelashes and eyebrows.

      # 2 — Biotin is a crucial component to skin cells.

      Healthy skin cells play a major role in the health of hair follicles as well. Weak or unhealthy hair follicles result in the inability to retain hair, which leads to hair loss.

      Over time, follicles get weaker and hair loss increases. Not only that, but the follicles’ ability to regrow and retain new hair diminishes.

      # 3 — Absorbing proteins

      The healthier your body is the easier it is to prevent hair loss and stimulate regrowth. This even means having healthier hair follicles. By improving the health of your hair follicles which can produce healthy hair regrowth.

      # 4 — Pills

      Getting the proper nutrition is crucial to proper hair growth to allow the conversion of protein into hair shafts. Biotin helps with this, and is necessary for metabolism of fats, cell growth and amino acids.

      # 5 — Boosts B vitamin power

      Both Biotin and other hair loss vitamins can have fantastic effects on your hair loss prevention and regrowth efforts. Combine Biotin with other B vitamins and the result is a powerful combination that can really help with hair loss.

      Other vitamins are known to boost the power of Biotin, but the B vitamins seem to have the greatest effects.

      # 6 — Supplements seem to work better than topical products

      Ingesting Biotin orally seems to have a more direct impact and show results quicker.

      While no Biotin product, or any hair loss prevention product for that matter, works overnight, you may see results sooner if you use an oral product versus a topical one.

      However, it is important that you are careful with the amount of Biotin you take. If you take too much of Biotin, you could have other health issues.

      Food Sources

      Want to use biotin for hair loss? Here are some dietary sources to consider: cauliflower, whole grains, soybeans, bananas, black-eyed pea, mushrooms, sardines, nut butter and beans. However, these do not contain high levels of biotin.

      Food sources rich in biotin include peanuts, liver, some vegetables, Swiss chard, cooked eggs and raw egg yolks.

      While raw eggs are important sources of biotin, it is important to note that egg whites also contain avidin, a protein which binds biotin and makes the vitamin unavailable for absorption. Therefore, raw egg yolks are the preferred source of biotin.

      On the other hand, cooking destroys avidin, therefore, cooked eggs can provide needed biotin for people who would rather not eat raw egg yolks.

      Biotin exists in food sources as biocytin, its protein-bound form. However, this bond is broken just before absorption so that only the vitamin is taken into the body.

      Recommended Biotin Intake
      Infants – 35-50 mcg/day
      Children – 65-120 mcg/day
      Adolescents – 100-200 mcg/day
      Adults – 100-200 mcg/day

      Biotin Supplements

      Biotin is available as a supplement with a recommended dosage of 500 – 1000 micrograms daily to treat hair loss. Oral biotin supplements provide the body with more of the vitamin than topical preparations of the vitamin.

      Biotin can be formulated as a single supplement, with other B vitamins as a Vitamin B complex supplement or with other vitamins as a multivitamin supplement. It is also available combined with Brewer’s Yeast.

      In topical preparations, biotin is often combined with other known hair loss remedies such as zinc.

      (http://www.progressivehealth.com/should-you-use-biotin-for-hair-loss.htm)


      Prescription Medications That Cause Hair Loss

      There are several prescription medications that cause hair loss, but it seems as if the doctors never disclose the information until after the side effects are prominent. When we first start to notice hair loss the best thing to do is to immediately address the issue. The first thing that we should do is talk with a doctor and let them know about the problem because one of the first signs that something is going on in our bodies is hair loss. If you are taking medications it is wise to read the side effects that is always attached to the prescription bag. Below we are discussing Coumadin and Rythmol which are blood thinners. They both can cause alopecia (hair loss).

      Coumadin, or warfarin, is a drug used to treat blood clots. Coumadin can be a life-saving medication for people who have blood clots near their lungs or heart, but taking the medication may lead to unpleasant side effects. Side effects can include flu-like symptoms, itching, chest pain, yellowing of the eyes or skin, numbness, prickling, or burning of the skin, fever, skin ulcers and purple spots developing on the skin, which may signal necrosis, or death of skin in that area. Hair loss is also possible when taking Coumadin.

      Step 1

      Talk to your doctor to determine if hair loss could be the result of an illness. Autoimmune diseases, diabetes and poor nutrition can all cause hair loss.

      Step 2

      Take 30 mg of Coenzyme Q10 daily. While this treatment has not been studied extensively, Dr. Stephan Moll, director of the Thrombophilia Program at the Carolina Cardiovascular Biology Center at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, states that it shows promise in treating hair loss related to Coumadin therapy. (http://www.livestrong.com/article/273648-how-to-prevent-hair-loss-when-taking-coumadin/)

      Rythmol (propafenone) is a class Ic anti-arrhythmic medication used to treat illnesses associated with rapid heartbeats such as atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. The most common side effects reported with Rythmol include constipation, dizziness, heartbeat abnormalities, nausea, unusual taste in the mouth, and vomiting. Another reported side effect of Rythmol includes alopecia (hair loss). Coumadin (warfarin sodium) is used to help prevent and treat blood clots in the legs, lungs, and those clots associated with heart-valve replacement or an irregular, rapid heartbeat called atrial fibrillation. The most common side effect of warfarin is hemorrhage (bleeding). Other side effects of Coumadin may include: headache, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, itching, and rash. Another infrequently reported side effect with Coumadin includes alopecia (hair loss). A search of the prescribing information for both Rythmol and Coumadin did not specifically identify reports of weight gain. These are not all the possible side effects of these medications. For a complete list, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Shereen A. Gharbia, PharmD (http://www.everydayhealth.com/health-questions/side-effects/do-coumadin-and-rythmol-cause-hair-loss-and-or-weight-gain)

      If the hair loss persists or worsens, you may wish to contact a dermatologist. Also, depending on the reason for taking warfarin, an alternative therapy may be possible. For some conditions aspirin and/or other antiplatelet medications may be appropriate and for others low molecular weight heparin, which is administered as an injection under the skin, may be appropriate.

      Additional information and perspective on this issue is available on the FVL Support site and on the Warfarinfo site. Dr. Stephan Moll, who is the Director of the Thrombophilia Program at UNC Chapel Hill in North Carolina, addresses this question athttp://www.fvleiden.org/ask/22.html. Mr. Al Lodwick, a pharmacist who specializes in anticoagulation management, also addresses this issue and provides some patient stories athttp://www.warfarinfo.com/hair-loss.htm. (http://www.clotcare.com/faq_warfarinhairloss.aspx)


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